Benefits of Fusion

Energy Supply: The #1 Challenge of the 21st Century

The International Energy Agency forecasts that government policies, market conditions and innovation will help to increase the share of low-carbon supplies for electricity. The shares of electricity generated from technologies such as wind, solar and geothermal will rise  from 36% today to 52% in 2040. However, fossil fuels will make up the difference and continue to dominate the global energy mix.
 
Fusion has the unique capability to provide utility-scale energy on-demand wherever it is needed, making it an excellent complement for intermittent renewables and battery storage. Combined, these technologies make for a practical energy portfolio that mitigates climate change while driving economic prosperity.

Advantages of Fusion

Clean Energy

Clean

Fusion produces zero greenhouse gas emissions, emitting only helium as exhaust. It also requires less land than other renewable technologies.

Safe Energy

Safe

Fusion energy is inherently safe, with zero possibility of a meltdown scenario and no long lived waste.

Abundant

Abundant

There is enough fusion fuel to power the planet for hundreds of millions of years. A fusion power plant runs on deuterium and tritium, isotopes which can be extracted from seawater and derived from lithium.

On Demand

On Demand

Fusion can produce energy on-demand, and is not affected by weather. Because it is also safe and produces no pollution, a fusion power plant can be located close to where it is required.

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Reliability

Fusion energy is on-demand and independent from the weather, making it an excellent complement to renewables.

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Land use​

Our fusion energy power plants reduce the need for long transmission lines because they can be built near the sources of energy demand, making better use of land.

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Environment

Fusion produces zero greenhouse gas emissions, emitting only helium as exhaust. It also requires less land than other renewable technologies.

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Timeline

With the urgency of climate change in mind, we are on course to power homes, businesses, and industry with fusion energy by the 2030s.

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Energy autonomy​

Fusion energy can be placed anywhere in the world, and its fuel (derived from seawater) is readily available. It will offer energy independence to all countries, regardless of geography.

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Green​

Fusion energy produces zero carbon emissions. Just 1 kg of fusion fuel can power 10,000 homes for one year and replace 55,000 barrels of oil, 6 million kgs of natural gas, or 10 million kgs of coal.

What is fusion and how does it work?

Nature’s Way of Making Energy

Fusion powers the sun and the stars, where gravity compresses hydrogen gas to the temperatures required for fusion. The challenge for fusion energy is how to create those conditions on Earth in a controlled way that can be used to provide power. Fusion occurs when atoms are heated to very high temperatures, causing them to collide at high velocity and fuse together. When two light nuclei collide to form a heavier nucleus the process releases a large amount of energy. The most practical fusion reaction uses isotopes of hydrogen named “deuterium” and “tritium”.  These can be extracted from seawater and derived from lithium, both in abundant supply.  There is enough fusion fuel on earth to power the planet for hundreds of millions of years.

Progress Fuelled by a Global Effort

The promise of fusion – clean, safe and abundant energy – has made it the focus of research since the 1950s. Recent advances in plasma physics, simulation, electronics and engineering have now brought us closer than ever to making fusion energy a reality.

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