General Fusion’s science team includes PhD scientists from leading fusion research institutions including L’École Polytechnique in France, the Culham Centre for Fusion Technology in the UK, the Joint Institute for High Temperatures at the Russian Academy of Sciences, and Kyushu University in Japan.
General Fusion is supported by a global syndicate of leading energy venture capital funds, industry leaders, and technology pioneers, including:
General Fusion collaborates with leading research institutions around the world, drawing on decades of scientific investigation to accelerate development of its magnetized target fusion system. These partnerships pair General Fusion’s in-house expertise with deep specialist knowledge across plasma physics, shockwave physics, pulsed power engineering and materials technology, reducing technical risk and fast-tracking our approach to fusion energy.
Bruce Colwill is a strategic finance professional with over 25 years of experience in start-up and entrepreneurial companies. As the CFO of multiple public and private companies, Bruce has been responsible for fundraising in excess of US$400 million including private and public financing, debt and other structured financings.
Beginning his career with KPMG, Bruce’s expertise encompasses the biotech and pharmaceutical industry, the mining and energy sectors and financial services. He brings experience in IPOs, managing growth, mergers & acquisitions and general corporate management to General Fusion. He holds a BBA from Simon Fraser University and is a Canadian Professional Accountant (CPA,CA).
Dr. Michel Laberge is a physicist with widespread practical experience in plasma physics and modern plasma diagnostic techniques. He has extensive knowledge of the latest technologies related to electronics, computers, materials, lithography, optics and fabrication, and is experienced at designing and constructing test apparatuses to evaluate technical concepts.
Prior to establishing General Fusion, Michel spent nine years at Creo Products in Vancouver as a senior physicist and principal engineer. His roles included inventor, designer, and scientific project leader on projects that resulted in more than $1 billion worth of product sales.
Michel holds a B.Sc. and M.Sc. in physics from Laval University. In 1990, he earned his Ph.D. in physics from the University of British Columbia, and in 1991 completed a post doc at L’ecole Polytechnique in Paris. In 1992, he completed another post doc at the National Research Council in Ottawa. He has published numerous scientific papers.
Michael is an engineer and experienced technology entrepreneur with a career spent developing complex technologies and bringing them to market.
Since joining General Fusion in 2010, he has held multiple responsibilities: building strategic partnerships internationally with fusion research institutions and key players in the energy industry; overseeing corporate strategy, communications and government relations; and now as CTO he is responsible for developing and implementing General Fusion’s technology strategy and science program.
Previously, from 2003-2010 Michael co-founded and help build Energate Inc. into one of the leading residential demand response technology companies in North America. Michael created and managed Energate’s product strategy as the company pioneered many of the technologies and standards integrating residential solutions into the smart grid. Earlier in his career, Michael worked in the aerospace industry as a systems and design engineer on technologies from microsatellites to the robotic systems on the International Space Station, where hardware he designed continues to operate today.
Michael holds a B.Sc. in Engineering Physics and an M.B.A. for Science and Technology from Queen’s University.
Mike Donaldson is a systems engineer with 18 years of experience in the development of novel and disruptive technologies. He has broad experience in product development, production engineering and engineering management. He has led multidisciplinary teams in high risk and complicated technical projects with a focus on risk reduction through rapid prototyping and physical testing.
Prior to joining General Fusion in 2009, Mr. Donaldson had been with Kodak (Creo) since 1999 contributing in production engineering and product development roles.
Mike has a B.Sc. in Engineering Physics from Queen’s University and a M.Sc. in Engineering Physics from the University of British Columbia.
George Rubin combines a strong scientific background with an in-depth knowledge of financial markets and strategies. A graduate of Moscow State University with a Masters Degree in Quantum Radio Physics, and a British Columbia Institute of Technology graduate with a Diploma in Financial Management and a Bachelor Degree in Accounting, George brings to the team 5 years of corporate finance experience and almost a decade in the cleantech industry.
As a co-founder, Vice President and subsequently President of Day4 Energy Inc., George was instrumental to developing Day4’s strategic vision and was directly responsible for execution of the corporate development plan. This included growing company operations from a research and development start-up in 2003 with a total staff of 5, through to a commercial operation with 265 employees, annual sales of more than $165 million CDN and an annualized sales run rate of over $230 million CDN in 2010.
Following his time at Day4, George founded Pacific Surf Partners and served as its Managing Director. In 2016 he joined General Fusion to develop and coordinate relationships in the business and research communities.
Rick Wills joined the board of General Fusion in 2012. Mr. Wills enjoyed a 30-year career with Tektronix, Inc., the last eight years of which he served as Chairman, President and CEO. With Tektronix, Mr. Wills served in a number of key international roles, including Worldwide Director of Marketing for the Measurement Business Division, President of European Operations, and President of the Americas Operations before taking on the role of President and CEO. Prior to joining Tektronix, Mr. Wills spent six years in the U.S. Air Force in various assignments in the United States and Europe. Mr. Wills holds a degree in Computer Systems from Linfield College and an M.B.A. from the University of Oregon.
Fred Buckman is a senior executive with experience in electric and gas utility operation and management, engineering and construction management, project development and nuclear plant design, operation, safety assessment and operation. He has served as the Chief Executive and Chief Nuclear Officer of Consumers Power, Chief Executive at PacifiCorp, President of the Power Group for Engineering and Construction leader Shaw Group, Managing Partner, Utilities, for Brookfield Asset Management, and is currently Chairman and CEO of Powerlink Transmission Company.
Fred has a PhD in Nuclear Engineering from MIT and serves as an Adjunct Professor with the University of Michigan Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Science Department. He participates from time to time in design reviews, lectures on industry topics and provides guidance regarding the nuclear and utility industries.
Jacques Besnainou was President & Chief Executive Officer of AREVA Inc. until March 2012. In this role, Jacques was responsible for managing and setting the direction for AREVA’s nuclear and renewable energy businesses in the United States and Canada (around 5,000 employees). Jacques has more than 20 years of management and systems engineering experience in both France and the United States, including more than a decade with AREVA. He joined AREVA in 2001 as Executive Vice President in charge of used fuel management operations in the United States. In 2005, he became the AREVA Group’s Senior Executive Vice President for the Global Used Fuel Business Group and member of the AREVA Nuclear Executive Committee.
Prior to joining AREVA, Jacques served as an advisor to the French Ministry of Industry for civilian nuclear affairs from 1992 to 1993. In 1993, he joined the Ecobilan Group, an environmental consulting firm specializing in life cycle assessments, eventually becoming its CEO and negotiating its sale to PricewaterhouseCoopers in 2000.
Mr. Besnainou holds Master of Science degrees in Mathematics, Engineering and Public Policy from Ecole Polytechnique and Ecole des Mines – France’s leading engineering schools.
Mike Sherman is a Managing Partner and founding team member of Chrysalix Energy Venture Capital. Chrysalix EVC actively invests in breakthrough sustainable innovations that address the world’s economic, energy, and environmental challenges.
Mike has over 15 years of experience in clean energy venture capital investing, marketing, finance and strategic business planning. His investment carrier has focused on game changing technologies capable of disrupting large global markets. Mike is a Director on the boards of General Fusion, GaN Systems, and Purfresh, and an observer on the boards of MineSense and Brammo. His exit track record includes the successful sale of Epyon Power to the ABB Group, at the time the largest electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure deal to date.
Prior to joining Chrysalix EVC, Mike worked in Corporate Business Alliances with Starbucks Coffee Company. In addition Mike is an active angel investor and a Partner in Vancouver Social Venture Partners, a charitable foundation that supports innovative non-profit charitable investing combined with active Partner mentoring.
Shahril Ibrahim serves as Director of Khazanah Americas Incorporated, the North American office of Khazanah. In this role, Shahril leverages his experience and leadership in innovation, content & media, and new business development to evaluate investment opportunities in North America, particularly in the innovation and technology sectors.
As a resident of California for over 20 years, Shahril’s interest in new media spans from visualization at NASA Ames, to smart school development with the Annenberg Foundation, to research and development at BOSS Films. During the last ten years, Shahril has shifted his interests towards developing new media competencies in Malaysia. More notably, Shahril conceptualized the media cluster for Iskandar, and orchestrated the development of Rhythm & Hues Malaysia.
Shahril graduated from Harvey Mudd College, with dual degrees in Economics and Systems Engineering. He holds a Masters in Computer Science from the University of Southern California.
Klaas de Boer is Managing Partner of The Entrepreneurs Fund. He has more than 10 years of venture experience, starting when he created and led a corporate venturing team at Vanenburg Group whose investments included WebEx. Prior to this, he spent time as a consultant with McKinsey and Company in both Amsterdam and St Petersburg. Behind Klaas’ achievements are an MSc in Physics and an Insead MBA.
Jean-François Béland is Vice President of Corporate Strategy at Carbon Engineering Ltd, and was formerly Vice President Government Relations and Corporate Affairs at General Fusion. From 2007 to 2015, he worked at AREVA S.A. in Paris then AREVA Canada Inc in Toronto, where he held the position of Executive Vice-President from 2010 to 2015. Prior to that time, Jean-François worked in the Canadian public service and in the Office of the Prime Minister of Canada, where he served as Policy Advisor on Treasury Board and Governance issues.
Jean-François is a graduate of the Université de Montréal (B.Sc.), l’École Nationale d’Administration Publique (MPA and graduate diploma in public administration), l’École des Hautes Études Commerciales (graduate diploma in management), Bordeaux Business School (MBA), l’Université Paris IX Dauphine (M.Sc. Strategic Management) and Université Laval (ASC). He completed courses towards a Ph.D in Management at l’Université Paris IX Dauphine. In 2014, he completed the Senior Nuclear Plant Manager course (SNPM).
Jean-François is a member of the Board of Trustees of the National Gallery of Canada, and the Investment Committee of the Fondation Sante Gatineau. He has also been on the Board of AREVA NP Canada since 2008, and is on the advisory board of EarthCube S.A., a nanosatellite corporation based in Toulouse, France.
In December 2013, Jean-Francois was appointed Chevalier (Knight) of the National Order of the Legion of Honour of France.
Carol M. Browner is a Distinguished Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress and Senior Counselor at Albright Stonebridge Group. Ms. Browner also serves as Chair of the Board of the League of Conservation Voters, on the Board of Directors for Bunge Limited, the Global Oceans Commission, and on Opower’s Advisory Board.
Ms. Browner most recently served as Assistant to President Obama and director of the White House Office of Energy and Climate Change Policy, where she oversaw the coordination of environmental, energy, climate, transport, and related policy across the federal government. During her tenure, the White House secured the largest investment ever in clean energy and established the national car policy that included both new automobile fuel efficiency standards and first ever greenhouse gas reductions. Previously, Ms. Browner was a founding principal of The Albright Group LLC from 2001 to 2008.
From 1993 through 2001, Ms. Browner served as the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. As administrator, she adopted the most stringent air pollution standards in US history; set for the first time, a fine particle clean air standard; and spearheaded the reauthorization of the Safe Drinking Water Act as well as the Food Quality Protection Act. She was known for working with both environmentalists and industry to set scientific-based public health protections while providing businesses important flexibilities in how to meet those standards. She worked across the agency to ensure a focus on protecting the most vulnerable, particularly children.
From 1991 through 1993, Ms. Browner served as Secretary of Environmental Regulation in Florida, where she launched the largest ecological restoration project ever attempted in the United States to restore the natural flow of water to the Everglades.
Ms. Browner serves on the Executive Committee of the Center for American Progress and was a founding board member of the organization from 2003-2008.
Ms. Browner earned her B.A. and a law degree from the University of Florida in Gainesville. She has one son and is married to former New York Congressman Tom Downey.
Mr. Dudzinski has a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from Cornell University and Master of Business Administration from Harvard University. He spent more than 20 years at General Electric Company, where his primary areas of responsibility were in marketing. This included new product and market development, new product introduction, product management, commercial operations, communications and strategy.
He was responsible for marketing at GE Energy. GE Energy is one of the world’s leading suppliers of power generation and energy delivery technologies, with revenue of over $26 billion. Mr. Dudzinski retired from GE in Feb. 2013, and has since started two organizations. CMO-md LLC with its website cmo-md.com is dedicated to helping B2B Chief Marketing Officers be successful. Light the World Inc is a Non-Profit, Charitable Organization dedicated to bringing cost effective electricity to the 1.2 billion people who live without lighting when the sun goes down.
Mr. Dudzinski has been a frequent speaker on technology changes and its impact on future product evolution in addition to marketing topics. Copies of the following public presentations are available for download on CMO-md.com: “The Economics of Green Power”, “Energy Industry 2020”, “Generation Trends”, “Innovation”, “The Future Electric Utility”, “Marketing in Developing Countries” and “Strategy”.
Prof. T. Kenneth Fowler received his PhD from the University of Wisconsin in Physics in 1957. He joined Oak Ridge National Laboratory, where he was a leader of the Plasma Theory Group until 1965. He then moved to General Atomics, where he was appointed head of the Plasma Physics Division in 1967. He transferred to Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory where he served from 1970 to 1987 as Associate Director for Magnetic Fusion Energy. He became chairman of the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley in 1988, and he served in that capacity until his retirement in 1994.
He is the author of numerous publications including the book The Fusion Quest (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997). Prof. Fowler has numerous memberships and awards including the Fusion Power Associates Leadership Award for 1983 and election to the National Academy of Sciences in 1987. He has been a Fellow of the American Physical Society since 1970. His research interests include plasma physics applications to magnetic fusion energy, theoretical plasma physics, weapons effects at high altitudes, nuclear reactions theory, and scattering theory.
For many years Dr. Fowler carried on research in plasma physics aimed toward the development of controlled thermonuclear fusion. Through his fundamental theoretical investigations and perceptive analyses of experiments, he created new fusion concepts that are contributing significantly to the search for solutions to controlled thermonuclear fusion power. His leadership and direction have stimulated other technical people in their work. He has been recognized as one of the leading people in the world in this field and directed one of the largest efforts of study of fusion power in the United States. Through his leadership, the mirror fusion laboratory at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory became the preeminent mirror program in the world.
He is author or coauthor of over 100 technical publications and has served as a member of several national scientific committees such as the Controlled Thermonuclear Research Standing Committee of the Atomic Energy Commission. He has been an active leader in the work of the American Physical Society.
Professor Jarboe has been a leader of the development of the spheromak confinement device since the early 1980s. He led a team at Los Alamos National Laboratory that was the first to produce a stable symmetric spheromak and an isolated spheromak; first to produce spheromak that self-heated to greater than 100eV; first to sustain a spheromak by helicity injection; and the first to observe self-heating of a spheromak to the pressure-limit. At the University of Washington he leads a team that is the first to efficiently sustain a kink-stable, axially symmetric, high-pressure spheromak with imposed dynamo current drive; and the first to show that a steady-state spheromak fusion reactor can render coal-fired power generation obsolete from economics alone.
Professor Jarboe received his undergraduate degree in Engineering Physics from the University of Illinois in 1967. He then pursued a doctoral degree at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1974, he received his PhD in plasma physics. He then joined the controlled fusion research division at Los Alamos National Laboratory. He served as group leader from 1983 to 1989 where he studied a very attractive magnetic fusion confinement device called the spheromak. He spent one year beginning in 1985 doing the controlled fusion research at Culham Laboratory in England.
He came to the University of Washington in 1989 as Professor of Nuclear Engineering and joined the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics in 1992. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society.
Professor Jarboe’s current research interests lie in plasma physics and controlled fusion. He is presently pursuing three plasma research interests. First, he is Director of the Plasma Science and Innovation Center (PSI-Center). The goal of the center is to develop computational predictability for improved magnetic confinement configurations with controlled fusion applications. The PSI-Center plays an important role in making fusion energy practical and in advancing plasma science in general. Second, he leads the Helicity Injected Torus (HIT) program on Campus. This method allows steady state operation. Developing an efficient current drive method for a spheromak that is compatible with good confinement would be a major advance for practical fusion energy.
Finally, Professor Jarboe leads collaboration with the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, where coaxial helicity injection (CHI) current drive, developed at the UW, is being applied to the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX). CHI is to be used on this major US fusion facility for plasma startup and current profile control.
A naval aviator, Kelly flew combat missions during the Gulf War. He was selected to become a NASA Space Shuttle pilot in 1996 and flew his first mission in 2001 as pilot of STS-108. He piloted STS-121 in 2006 and commanded STS-124 in 2008 and STS-134 in 2011. STS-134 was his final mission and the final mission of Space Shuttle Endeavour.
His wife was the target of an attempted assassination in Tucson, Arizona, on January 8, 2011. After the shooting, in which six people were killed, both Kelly and Giffords were thrust into the media spotlight. His wife’s shooting led to a broad national conversation ranging from the duties of a husband to what is acceptable civil discourse. The couple wrote a book about their lives and their experiences, discussing the shooting and Giffords’s initial recovery.
Kelly’s identical twin brother, Scott Kelly, is also an astronaut and served as commander of International Space Station(ISS) Expedition 26. The Kelly brothers are the only twins and only siblings to have both traveled in space.
Dr. Edward Moses is the President of Longview Consulting, specializing in advising high technology companies in technical, systems engineering, and management issues. He is a former President of the Giant Magellan Telescope Organization, and past Principal Associate Director for the National Ignition Facility & Photon Science Directorate where he led the California-based NIF, one of the largest experimental science facilities in the US and the world’s most energetic laser. He has over 25 years of experience developing Department of Energy advanced laser systems and 40 years of experience developing and managing complex laser systems and billion-dollar class high-technology projects.
As Project Manager for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and as Principal Associate Director for the NIF & Photon Science Directorate, he was responsible for completing construction and bringing into full operation the world’s largest, highest energy optical instrument for studying high energy density physics in the laboratory and for studying inertial fusion energy.
Dr. Moses joined Lawrence Livermore Laboratory in 1980, becoming program leader for isotope separation and material processing and Deputy Associate Director for Lasers. From 1990 to 1995, he was a founding partner of Advanced Technology Applications, Inc., and he returned to LLNL in 1995 becoming responsible for program development in the Physics and Space Technology Directorate.
Dr. Moses received his bachelor’s degree and doctorate from Cornell University in New York. He has won numerous awards, including the Project Management Institute award for 2010 Project of the Year, the 2004 DOE Award of Excellence, and the D.S. Rozhdestvensky Medal for Outstanding Contributions to Lasers and Optical Sciences. He holds several patents in laser technology and computational physics and is a Member of the National Academy of Engineers.
Osamu Motojima is Director General Emeritus of the ITER Organization and president of the Future Energy Research Association. He is an advisor to the Chairman of Chubu University, Member of the Board of Pacific Industrial co., Ltd and Foreign Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Science.
Dr. Motojima was most recently the Director General of the ITER Organization, where he oversaw commencement of construction on the ITER project and coordinated the 35 nation collaboration. He was previously Director General of the National Institute of Fusion Science (NIFS), and directed the Large Helical Device Project, which was developed to enable fusion-grade confinement research in a steady-state machine.
Dr. Motojima earned his Ph.D in Electrical Engineering from Kyoto University and has published 450 technical papers and authored four books.
Donald L. Runkle is a recognized business leader and product/process innovator. He has led divisional profit turnarounds, international acquisitions and divestitures, created new business channels, co-led a large IPO and has led the development of a disruptive product technology. He has led countless product innovations and built engineering teams with award winning technical strength.
Mr. Runkle is Executive Chairman of EcoMotors International (formerly CEO for four years), a disruptive engine company with Khosla Ventures, Braemar Energy Ventures and Bill Gates as primary investors. He is an operating executive for Tennenbaum Capital Partners advising on investments and operational turnarounds, a director of Lear Corporation, Transonic Corporation, WinCup Corporation, and the Lean Enterprise Institute. As well as General Fusion, he is an advisor to TULA Technology; both are disruptive venture capital backed companies. He has consulted on topics including technology and business strategy, electronics, fuel cells, energy development and storage, electric vehicles, and lean implementation.
Early in his career he joined General Motors, where he held a variety of assignments, Vice President of GM’s Advanced Engineering Staff and GM’s North American Engineering Center where he was GM’s top engineering executive.
Mr. Runkle led turnarounds as President of Delphi Steering in 1993 and Delphi Energy & Engine Management Systems in 1996, co-led the IPO/spin-off of Delphi from General Motors in 1998/99, and acquired Lucas Diesel in 2000 consolidating it with the Energy and Chassis Division. During his tenure at Delphi, Runkle led many international acquisitions. He became Vice-Chairman of Delphi in 2003 through June, 2005.
Mr. Runkle has bachelor and master degrees from the University of Michigan in mechanical engineering and an MBA as a Sloan Fellow from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Mr. Runkle is a member of SAE and the Tau Beta Pi and Pi Tau Sigma Engineering Honorary Societies; a life member of the Shingo Academy, recognizing distinguished manufacturing excellence; and recipient of the Wu Manufacturing Leadership Award, as role model for visionary and strategic thinking leaders, and the ASM Medal for the Advancement of Research. Mr. Runkle co-founded the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), with the U.S. Department of Energy.